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Basic Education for Adults

Contact: Jon M. Kerr
State Board for Community and Technical Colleges
1300 Quince St SE
P.O. Box 42495
Olympia, WA 98504-2495
Telephone: (360) 704-4326
E-mail: jkerr@sbctc.edu

State Website: www.sbctc.edu

Local Link: http://www.sbctc.edu/becoming-a-student/basic-education/adult-basic-education-student.aspx

Vision: All adult Washingtonians will have access to innovative, high quality education programs that provide the knowledge, skills and credentials necessary for securing family sustaining employment that strengthens the state and local economies.

Mission: The adult education system will provide research-proven instruction and college and career readiness pathways that allow adults to master academic and technical skills to attain their career and educational goals and successfully navigate education and employment opportunities.

Values: We believe the values of diversity, equity, and inclusion strengthen the Basic Education for Adults (BEdA) community and are critical to providing opportunities that support the success of underrepresented and low-income students in attaining a quality education that leads to self-sustaining employment.
• Help more people find and keep jobs that lead to economic self-sufficiency, with a focus on disadvantaged populations.
• Close skill gaps for employers, with a focus on in-demand industry sectors and occupations, including through apprenticeships.
• Work together as a single, seamless team to make this happen.

GOAL #1 – IMPLEMENT AND SCALE COMPREHENSIVE, INNOVATIVE COLLEGE AND CAREER PATHWAYS TO ACCELERATE STUDENT COMPLETION AND FOSTER ECONOMIC GROWTH
GOAL #2 – GUIDE AND SUPPORT TRANSFORMATIONAL INSTRUCTIONAL PRACTICES THAT ACCELERATE STUDENT COMPLETION TO CERTIFICATES, THE TIPPING POINT, AND AA/BA DEGREES LEADING TO FAMILY SUSTAINING EMPLOYMENT
GOAL #3 – CONTEXTUALIZE ADULT EDUCATION COURSES TO SUPPORT TRANSITION TO HIGH SCHOOL COMPLETION & EQUIVALENCY CERTIFICATION, POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, AND EMPLOYMENT
GOAL #4 – STRENGTHEN AND MAINTAIN A CULTURE OF RIGOROUS INSTRUCTION AND EVIDENCE OF INCREASED PERFORMANCE
GOAL #5 – CREATE AND MAINTAIN STRATEGIC ALLIANCES TO LEVERAGE LOCAL RESOURCES AND INCREASE NAVIGATIONAL SUPPORT TO STUDENTS
GOAL #6 – FOSTER STUDENT SELF-EFFICACY


Participation: 46,848 participants were served by the Basic Education for Adults (BEdA) program between July 1, 2015 and June 30, 2016.
Who is Served: To be eligible for the Basic Education for Adults program, participants must meet the following requirements:
• Be at least 16 years old; and not enrolled or required to be enrolled in secondary school under state law; and have academic needs below the high school completion level or have limited ability to speak, read, or write the English language at the level needed to acquire living-wage employment.


The minimum components of a BEdA Program in Washington are described here: http://www.sbctc.edu/becoming-a-student/basic-education/adult-basic-education-student.aspx


Program Description: Basic Education for Adults provides academic instruction and education services below the postsecondary level that increases an individual’s reading, writing, speaking, listening, mathematics, English acquisition, technology and employability skills for attainment of a high school diploma or its equivalent, transition to postsecondary education and training, and to obtain living-wage employment. Programming includes: adult high school completion (HS 21+), Integrated Digital English Acceleration (I-DEA), workplace literacy, family literacy, English literacy, and/or Integrated Basic Education and Skills Training (I-BEST)—to help adults:


• Gain necessary skills and obtain college credits, certificates, and degrees with direct meaning in the job market that lead to living-wage employment.
• Earn high school level diplomas and credentials (HS 21+/GED®).
• Become literate and obtain the knowledge and skills necessary for employment, transfer to postsecondary education (I-BEST), and self-sufficiency.
• Obtain the educational skills necessary to become full partners in the educational development of their children, families, and communities.

Employability and workplace skills enhancement, Adult literacy, English language acquisition instruction, integrated English Literacy and Civics Education, basic skills education, I-BEST, high school diploma and equivalency preparation, and similar programs are all part of the state’s Basic Education for Adults services.


These activities help adults learn, apply, and master the skills and strategies required to access living-wage employment leading to responsible citizenship, productive employment, and family self-sufficiency.


Other Program Characteristics: Basic Education for Adults programs are provided by the state’s 34 community and technical colleges and by 7 community-based organizations. The Basic Education for Adults programs are intended to function as the foundations to the system’s guided pathways.

As the foundation of guided pathways, Basic skills students are assessed for skill levels, and whether or not a high school credential is needed. Goals, interests, and a meta-major are identified and a navigator assigned. Funding is then identified and an educational plan created. Earliest English language acquisition and basic skills learners are placed in foundational on-ramps that contextualize college and career readiness to the different meta-majors available. When students are ready, the move into the college-level certificate or degree program within that meta-major. I-BEST or Integrated Education and Training (IET) programming is offered as a core of each meta-major at this level, providing the added academic and navigational support students need to be successful. Students in need of a high school credential can be co-enrolled for dual credit in HS 21+ and I-BEST or receive their high school diploma upon completion of their two-year degree.

The Washington state Adult Education Advisory Council (AEAC) is a governor-appointed body whose members work collaboratively and as individuals to advocate for and guide Basic Education for Adults programming through the achievement of vision, mission and values to ensure everyone in Washington state has the knowledge, skills and credentials necessary to earn a living wage and achieve economic self-sufficiency, which results in a dynamic economy and vibrant communities. As a result, service providers have developed targeted, community-wide literacy and workforce programs using a variety of funding sources. For example, providers enter into local agreements to deliver basic skills for participation in WorkFirst, refugee resettlement and job training programs, as well as for inmates of state and local correctional facilities.

I-BEST is a national model developed in Washington state that pairs a basic skills or developmental education instructor in the same classroom with a career-technical or academic transfer instructor to jointly teach both academic skills and workforce skills. This team-teaching approach allows students to earn college credits and workforce credentials at the same time as learning critical basic skills demanded by employers. This creates an accelerated pathway to a living-wage job. Students earn college credits while preparing for work.


Student Achievement Initiative: In 2006, the State Board for Community and Technical Colleges adopted a System Direction with an overall goal to “raise the knowledge and skills of the state’s residents” by increasing educational attainment across the state. The Student Achievement Initiative is a performance funding system for community and technical colleges. Its purposes are to both improve public accountability by more accurately describing what students achieve from enrolling in our colleges each year, and to provide incentives through financial rewards to colleges for increasing the levels of achievement attained by their students. It represents a shift from funding entirely for enrollment inputs to also funding meaningful outcomes. Learn more: http://www.sbctc.edu/about/agency/initiatives-projects/student-achievement-initiative.aspx


Program History: The federal adult education legislation enacted in 1965 was a turning point in services for adults with low literacy and English language skills. That law identified instructional goals for adults based on the skills and knowledge needed to carry out the functions of adult lives. In 1991, Washington’s Legislature moved state leadership for the federal program from the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction to the State Board for Community and Technical Colleges and created a governor-appointed Adult Education Advisory Council. Both actions recognized the role that community and technical colleges play as primary providers and a new understanding of the growing importance of these adults to the future of our state, communities and workforce. The Workforce Investment Act of 1998, Title II refined the focus of Adult Basic Education and increased attention on the importance of expanding postsecondary education and training opportunities to Washington’s emerging workforce. I n 2014, Washington’s program was renamed Basic Education for Adults. Then in 2015 the federal act was re-authorized as the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) of 2015’s purpose is to provide workforce investment activities, through statewide and local career pathway systems that increase the employment, retention, and earnings of participants, and increase attainment of recognized credentials by participants, particularly those with barriers to employment, and as a result, improve the quality of the workforce, reduce welfare dependency, increase economic self-sufficiency, meet the skill requirements of employers, and enhance the productivity and competiveness of the Nation.


Planning Cycle: Annually, with a multi-year state plan.


Federal and State Core Measures:


I. The percentage of participants employed during the 2nd quarter after exit.
II. The percentage of participants who are employed during the 4th quarter after exit.
III. The median earning of participants employed during the 2nd quarter.
IV. The percentage of participants who obtain a recognized postsecondary credential or a secondary school diploma or its equivalent during participation or within 1 year after exit.
a. And have obtained or retained employment or are in an education or training program leading to a recognized postsecondary credential within 1 year after exit.
V. The percentage of participants who during a program year are in education or training that leads to a recognized postsecondary credential or employment and who are achieving measurable skill gains toward such a credential or employment.
VI. The indicators of effectiveness in serving employers.

Federal and State Funding: The federal WIOA funds to serve eligible populations who are on a defined pathway are allocated to the state based on the demographics of the target population in our state:

o The number of individuals living below 175% of poverty
o Those with limited ability to speak English
o And those 18+ years of age with no high school diploma

Funding to local providers is based upon a three-year average of the actual numbers for enrollments and a combination of Student Achievement total points, SAI points per student, and student transitions to college level courses.

Funds are distributed based on a 3-year average of data:
a. 50% Performance
i. 10% Transitions out of basic skills
ii. 20% Total Student Achievement Points
iii. 20% SAI points per student
b. 50% FTE Enrollment

The current plan emphasizes increasing enrollment and improving student achievement by maintaining a Basic Education for Adults presence throughout the state, fostering a local and regional fit between services and needs, demonstrating a commitment to direct and equitable access, and ensuring continuity of services for existing students. Each applicant for state and/or federal funding must compete with all other eligible applicants. Competition is based on responses to the 13 considerations specified in WIOA Title II.


State Expenditures: $105,414,000 (July 1, 2015-June 30, 2016).


Federal Expenditures: $9,746,000 (July 1, 2015-June 30, 2016).


Statutory Authority: Federal–Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, Title II of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIO), Public Law 113-128. State–RCW 28B.50, WAC 180-72.

 

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