Secondary Career and Technical Education
Contact: Betty Klattenhoff
Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction
P.O. Box 47200
Olympia, WA 98504-7200
State Website: www.k12.wa.us/careerteched
Local Link: www.workforcecollege.com
Participation: 303,557 Washington middle and high school students were served by Secondary Career and Technical Education (CTE) during the 2011-2012 school year.
Who is Served: All middle and high school students in grades 7 through 12 are eligible to participate.
Program Description: Secondary CTE gives students the chance to sample instructional programs within career pathways, including agriculture, business, technology, cosmetology, health and more. These programs teach occupational and technical skills and a solid work ethic. Students also gain leadership skills as they prepare for jobs or further career training and education after high school. The Perkins IV component of career and technical education is aimed at more fully developing the academic, career, and technical skills of secondary and postsecondary students who enroll in career and technical programs.
Other Program Characteristics: The Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) has organized all CTE programs within career pathways. Program standards are used to approve and evaluate CTE programs. These standards are also used to differentiate programs as exploratory or preparatory. Exploratory programs introduce students to the field while preparatory programs provide the education and skills training to prepare students for entry into the workplace or further education at the postsecondary level.
Program History: Federal funding for career and technical education legislation began with the Smith-Hughes Act of 1917. In 1976, the Vocational Education Act set aside funds to assist special populations, such as persons with disabilities, educationally disadvantaged, and single parents. The current law is the third reauthorization of a 1984 act. Known as Perkins IV, the act emphasizes career and technical education programs integrating academic and occupational education, technology use, teacher training, and distance learning. State funding for career and technical education began in 1939 when legislation created a weighting factor for approved vocational classes in local school districts. Over the years, significant changes have been made to this funding formula. The term vocational education has also changed. It is now called career and technical education. State funding for secondary CTE uses an enhancement formula, whereby the local district’s basic education apportionment receives enhanced funding for students who enroll in approved CTE programs.
Planning Cycle: Five-year federal plan and an annual funding plan.
State Core Measures: See Workforce Training Results at http://www.wtb.wa.gov/WashingtonStateCoreMeasures.asp
Other Outcome Measures: CTE program standards are based largely on the use of industry-defined skill standards, including a variety of performance indicators. In addition, districts receiving federal career and technical education funds must report local program performance in accordance with the performance indicators identified in the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act, including the attainment of career, technical, and academic skill proficiencies; acquisition of degrees, credentials, placement, and retention in postsecondary education or employment; and completion of career and technical programs leading to nontraditional training and employment.
Funding and Regional Division: CTE programs are offered in approximately 228 Washington school districts, 10 Skills Centers and 15 branch and satellite centers across the state. Local districts receive an enhancement to their Basic Education apportionment based on the number of Career and Technical Education full-time equivalents (FTEs) reported by the district. To claim the Career and Technical Education FTE, a program and its instructor must be approved according to state regulations and/or OSPI policy. Perkins funds are allotted by the U.S. Department of Education to each state’s eligible agency for strategic disbursement. The Workforce Board is Washington’s eligible agency.
State Funding: $384,824,002 (July 1, 2011-June 30, 2012)
Federal Funding: $9,073,999 (July 1, 2012-June 30, 2013); U.S. Department of Education
Statutory Authority: Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act as amended in 2006, P.L. 109-270. State: Basic Education Authorization to Common Schools, RCW 28A, WAC 180, and WAC 392. Administered by the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction.