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Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, Title I Youth Program

Employment Security Department


State Website:  https://seeker.worksourcewa.com/Resources/YouthProgram.aspx

Local Link: http://www.washingtonworkforce.org/WDCs/index.php

Participation: 1,520 youth were served by the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act Youth Program between July 1, 2015 and June 30, 2016.

Who is Served: Youth must either be In-School Youth (14 through 21 years old) or Out-of-School Youth (16-24 years old), U.S. citizens or legally entitled to work in the U.S., and registered with the Selective Service, if male.  In-School Youth must additionally be low income and meet at least one on seven criteria described in the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), such as basic skills deficient, limited English proficient, offender, homeless, pregnant or parenting, disabled or in need of additional assistance to complete an educational program or to secure and hold employment. To be low income, one must be a public assistance recipient, receive free or reduced price school lunches, live in a high-poverty census tract or have a family income below 70 percent of the lower living standard income level published annually by the U.S. Department of Labor. Out-of-School Youth do not have to be low income, but must additionally meet at least one of eight other criteria, such as school dropout, low income with a post-secondary certificate but still basic skills deficient or limited English proficient, offender, homeless, pregnant or parenting, disabled or low income and in need of additional assistance to complete an educational program or to secure and hold employment.

Program Description: The program prepares eligible youth for success in school and employment. Eligible youth may receive any of 14 designated program services, such as guidance and counseling, tutoring, job training, mentoring, work experience, financial-literacy education, labor-market information and supportive and follow-up services.

Other Program Characteristics: Local priorities for WIOA Title I-B Youth grant must support the priorities described in each Local Workforce Development Board’s WIOA strategic plan and must also be consistent with the goals identified in Talent and Prosperity for All, the state’s WIOA strategic plan.

Program History: WIOA provides workforce preparation and employment services for dislocated workers and low-income youth and adults. Originally passed in 2014, WIOA created an integrated service delivery system. Known as WorkSource in Washington, this one-stop system offers a comprehensive array of services through local WorkSource centers, affiliates and connection sites, as well as through on-line platforms (namely WorkSourceWA.com). The Workforce Training and Education Coordinating Board was designated by the Governor to act as the State Workforce Development Board with the Employment Security Department as the state administrative entity. The state’s 12 workforce development areas each have a business-led Workforce Development Boards whose members are appointed by local chief elected officials. Boards have strategic and convening responsibilities, including planning and overseeing their local area’s WorkSource systems and WIOA-funded programs, as well as designating administrative entities and WorkSource operators and service providers.

Planning Cycle: Four-year planning cycle with two-year updates.

State Core Measures: See Workforce Training Results at http://wtb.wa.gov/WorkforceTrainingResults.asp

Federal Common Measures: Federal measures used to determine the WIOA Youth program’s success include:

  • Employment or education two quarters after exit
  • Employment or education rate four quarters after exit
  • Median earnings
  • Credential attainment
  • Measurable Skill Gains

Funding and Regional Division: WIOA Title I funds are allocated to the state with the majority of those funds subsequently distributed to the 12 local workforce development areas based on labor market and demographic variables, including the share of economically-disadvantaged youth. Federal law defines the funding formulas. A portion of the funds are made available to the Governor for statewide activities and distributed to local workforce development boards and other entities based on criteria set at the state level.

State Funding: None.

Federal Funding: $12,796,370 (July 1, 2015-June 30, 2016)

Statutory Authority: This federal program, authorized by the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014, P.L. 113-128, is administered by the Employment Security Department

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