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WorkFirst

Washington’s welfare-to-work program is based on the 1996 federal Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) welfare reform legislation. The aim of WorkFirst is to help low-income families become self-sufficient by providing training and support services necessary for parents to get a job, keep a job, and move up a career ladder. This study is limited to WorkFirst participants who enrolled in an employment or training component. . See other program results.

State Core Indicator Results

Employment - Percentage of participants who were employed, as reported in employment records during the third quarter after leaving the program.*

38%

Earnings - Median annualized earnings six to nine months after leaving the program. (Quarterly earnings are the result of hourly wage rates and the number of hours worked in a calendar quarter. Toderive annualized earnings, quarterly earnings are multiplied by four.)

$12,514

Skills - Percentage of participants who obtained an appropriate credential. (Percentage based on all participants, including those who did not receive training through the program.)

n/a**

Participant Satisfaction - A survey was not conducted.

 n/a

Employer Satisfaction – A survey was not conducted.

n/a

Net Employment Impact - Difference between the employment rate for all participants and the control group of non-participants, measured nine to 12 quarters after leaving the program.

n/a

Net Earnings Impact - Difference between the average annualized earnings for all participants and the control group of non-participants, measured nine to 12 quarters after leaving the program.

n/a

Participant Return on Public Investment - The ratio of the present values of additional lifetime participant earnings and employee benefits to public costs of the program.  Additional lifetime participant earnings and benefits are additional earnings and employee benefits received (minus participant program costs, taxes on added income, and any loss in unemployment insurance benefits), when compared to the non-participant control group.

n/a

Taxpayer Return on Investment - The ratio of the present values of projected additional lifetime taxes paid by the participant (plus any decrease in unemployment insurance benefits), in comparison to the public costs of the program.  Additional taxes are those additional taxes projected to be paid in comparison to the taxes projected to be paid by the non-participant control group.  Change in unemployment insurance benefits is the change in benefits paid to participants compared to the non-participant control group. 

n/a

* Includes some out-of-state employment data but not all of it and does not include data on self- employment. Understates total employment by about 10 percent.
**Not available because not measured as part of this evaluation.

Employment & Earning Indicators Over Time

Employment Rate - Percent of WorkFirst Participants with Reported Employment in Third Quarter after Exiting Program

 

Earnings - Median Annualized Earnings of Participants in Third Quarter after Exiting Program (First Quarter 2011 dollars)

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